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: - ( )

, , 25 .. : " ". . . 27 .[24]

27 , : ; , . . ".[25]

1915 , 236 442 . "" . 1915 ., , . 1917 . - , , .., , "" . .. , . , , , . . . 1917 .

28 .. . , , , : " , . , ". .

. , II 28 1 .

28 , : " , .. .., . . , . , , , ".[26]

1 , : " , .. . , , . . . ! . . ! !".[27]

2 , : " . , , - , .. - . . , - . . , . . . , . . , !"[28]

II.

, , . ... , , . , . , , .

2 II, . . .. , II - .

. II ( , , ), .., .

II . , , .. , , , .

VI

   . .

   II.

   .

, , , .

1 2 . . . , .. : - , , ?" : -, , . , , , , , . , , . : - , ... , , , , ."

, 2 , .. - .., .

2- . . , , - 15 , , , II .[29]

II , .

3 , : " . . . . . 8.20 . . . 9.30 . . , ( ) 6 . , ! - ".[30]

, 300 4 , (I), 39- , II , 8 10 18 3 1917 . . .

8 1917 . 9 . , " ".

9 1917 ., : - 11.30. , , , , - ! . , . , , . . , .. ! ".[31]

9 14 1917 . .

, , , . . . , , .

, . , .

1918 . .

1918 . ("") . . 12 , 16 - . : ", , . - . : , . , , . ".[32]

 

17 1918 .

* * *

.

, , , , , .

- - ; , , , , , , , .


.

. 1350

. 1393

. 1427

. . 1503

-

頠 렠

.1498 .1539 .1543 .1556

ࠠ ~ IV

. 1586 .1560

( ) ()

.1653 .1640

1613-1645 . 1654

. . 頠 ~ ~ . .

13 頠 1645 - 1676 3

頠 V I

.1270 .1704 1676-1682 1682-1696 1682-1725 .1716

. ࠠ I (1725-1727)

.1681 . 1731 8

頠 ࠠ

. 1718 . 1728 1741-1761

ࠠ ࠠ II -

.1753 1730-1740 .1731 1727-1730

III ~ II

ࠠ 1761-1762 1762-1796

. 1746

I

1796-1801

VI

1740-1741 I I

1801-1825 .1831 1825-1855 . 1849

II 頠

1855-1881 .1892 .1891 .1908

頠 III 𠠠 頠 頠 렠

.1865 1861-1894 .1909 .1908 .1905 .1919 .1919 1915 .1919

II 렠 렠 頠 𠠠 . 1929 . 1931

1894-1917 .1899 .1918 .1938 .1943 .1956 .1942 .1958 .1957

ࠠ 頠 ࠠ 𠠠 (.1922) 렠 .1981 .1978 .1988

ࠠ .1951 .1967 .1992 ? ?

.1918 ࠠ 렠 .1922 .1926

.1954 .1956 .1959 . 1960 ࠠ ࠠ

.1953 .1952 .1956 .1961

.1981

頠 렠 頠 𠠠 頠

8 頠 .1919 .1929 .1919 .1933 .1919

ࠠ 頠 렠 ࠠ ࠠ

.1918 .1939 .1918 .1970 .1918 .1938 .1959 .1977 .1963 .1974 .1965

䠠 ࠠ

.1973 .1915 ࠠ 頠 𠠠 ࠠ 頠 ⠠

.1970 .1981 .1968 .1974 .1980 .1978 .1989

렠 頠 ࠠ 렠 ࠠ ࠠ

.1919 .1920 .1922 .1950 .1924 .1923 .1933 .1938 .1945

頠 𠠠 頠 렠 𠠠 ࠠ

.1953 .1961 .1963 .1959 .1974 .1963 .1940

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

: . 1878; . 1-2 . 1966, 12 -.,1968 128-133 . . , . , , .


[1] .. .: . -. 1993.

[2] . . -.1993.

[3] . . -.1989.

[4] . . -.1989

[5] .. . -. 1989.

[6] .., ... . ,1992.

[7] II, ...,1, , 1939, 37.

[8] II, ...,1, , 1939, 39.

[9] , . 40.

[10] , .41.

[11] , .47.

[12] , .49.

* Revue politique et parlamentaire. 1895.

[13] II, .., 1 , 1939. .55.

[14] , .79.

[15] , .85.

[16] , .98.

[17] : .., .. . - ,1992.

[18] II, .., 1, ,1939, 262

[19] Winston Cherchil. The world crisis. 1916-18. Vol.I. London 1927. . 223-225.

[20] II, .., 2, , 1949, .255-256.

[21] II, .., 1, ,1939,98.

[22] . . -.,,-1990.

[23] ... ., ,1912.

[24] ... . ,1912.

[25] II, , 1992.

[26] II, , 1992.

[27] .

[28] .

[29] ... II. -. ,1990

[30] .

[31] II, , 1992

[32] .. . , 1991


: 1, 2, 3


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