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...

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: ( )

-    Are you doing anything on Friday?

   in five minutes / in a few days / in six weeks / in two years etc.

- Hurry! The train leaves in five minutes.

- Goodbye. Ill see you in a few days.

   at on in We do not use at/ on / in before:

this ... (this morning / this week...)

every ...( every day / every week...)

last ... (last August / last week ...)

next ... ( next Monday / next week ...)

- Theyre going on holiday next Monday.

- Last summer we went to Scotland.

THE PAST PERFECT TENSE ( )

 

The Past Perfect Tense( ) , .

:

I had already had dinner when they arrived.

, .

He had finished his work by 2 oclock yesterday.

2 .

to have 2 ( ) c .

had:

Had she taken that bag before you asked her?

Had they done the shopping by 3 p.m. yesterday?

Why had she told him everything before his wife saw them?

not, had:

The post had not arrived when she went downstairs.

.

1. , :

1. I am not hungry. I have already had dinner.

2.   He is not tired. He has already had a sleep.

3.   She is not busy. She has already done her homework.

4.   She doesnt take the umbrella. The rain has already stopped.

5.   They are not in a hurry. The train has already left.

6.   We do not have to take a taxi. The car has already come.

2. .

1.   , , .

2.   , .

3.   , .

4.   , .

5.   , .

6.   , .

7.   ,

9

THE FUTURE ACTION

Future Simple

Give me your bag. Ill carry it for you ( 򠠠 )

Present Continuous

Im having an appointment tonight ( )

Going to ( - )

We are going to move to London.

Future Indefinite Tense

Future indefinite Tense

1. Future Indefinite Tense shall will ( to). Shall 1- , a will :

I (we) shall work

he (she, it) , . .

, , ' } will work you (they)

2. Future Indefinite :

Shall I (we) work? Will he (you, they) work?

3. Future Indefinite not, :

I (we) shall not work. He (you, they) will not work.

4. - Future indefinite not :

Shall I (we) not work? Will he (you, they) not work?


--

I shall (will) work

he (she, it)

will work

Shall (Will) I work?

Will he (she, it) work?

I shall ( will) not work

he (she, it) will not work

Shall (Will) I not work?

Will he (she, it) not work?

5. :

I'll [ail] work I shan't [ja:nt] work Shan't I work?

he'll [hil] work I" II not work

she'll [j'i:l] work he won't [wount] work Won't he (she, it) work?

we'll [wi:l] work he'll not work

You'll [ju:l] work she won't work Shan't we work?

They'll [6eil] work she'll not work

it won't work it will not work Won't you work?

we shan't work we' II not work Won't they work?

you won't work you'll not work

they won't work they'll network

Future Indefinite Tense

Future Indefinite Tense :

1. , . , . Future Indefinite Tense , :

will return to Moscow

in a few days. .

We shall not see him til! Monday. . They will take English lessons twice a week. .

. Future Indefinite :

will send us a telegram as soon as the steamer arrives.

If I receive a letter from him, I' II let you know.

,

.

,

.

Future Indefinite, () :

) to be going to... - -.

I am going to send him a telegram. .

( .)

is going to spend this summer vocation in the Crimea. . ( ...)

) to be + (+ing) ( )

is taking his examination on Friday. .

( .)

) Present Indefinite Tense:

The steamer sails tomorrow. .

) shall/will + , )

will be meeting us at the station. ( )

.

I shall be writing to him tomorrow. ( ) .

Future Indefinite Tense. to be going to - .

If and When

present simple, future simple.

When (if) he reads this book he will give it to me.

() , .

I shall send him a telegram, if I do ,

not receive an answer to my letter, .

if you see ... / if I am ... etc. for the future. For example:

- If you see Ann this evening, can you ask her to phone me?

We say: if you see (not 'if you will see'), if I am (not 'if I will be'). Use the present (not 'will) after if:

- If I'm late this evening, don't wait for me. (not 'If I will be late')

- What shall we do if it rains? (not 'if it will rain')

- If I don't feel well tomorrow, I'll stay at home.

-When I get home this evening, I'm going to have a shower.

1.. if when:

1... I'm late this evening, don't wait for me.

2 ........ I don't see you tomorrow, I'll phone you.

3. Do you mind ........ I close the window?

4 _..... I get up in the morning, usually drink a cup of coffee

5. Have something to eat. ........ you don't eat now, you'll be hungry later

6 John is still 1 at school. ........ he leaves school, he wants to go to university.

7 Be careful! ........ you aren't careful, you'll fall.

2. Im going to .. or Ill

1.   What are you going to do when you finish college?

2.   What sort of job do you hope to get?

3.   Where will you live?

4.   Where will you live if your job is far away?

5.   How will you spend your first months salary?

6.   Are you going to travel to other countries?

7.   Where do you hope to go?

10

Taking phone calls. ( )

1.   Can I help you?

2.   Who is calling?

3.   What name, please?

4.   Can I have ?

5.   Could I speak to ?

6.   Id like to ?

1.   Good morning, Park hotel. Can I help you?

-     Id like to book a room for three nights.

-     Yes, madam. Could I have your name, please?

-     Mrs. Andrews.

2.   -___________Garden restaurant. Can I help you?

-     _____reserve a table for six, for Wednesday evening.

-     Yes, what name ,please?

-     My name is Jackson.

3.   Good evening. Fratellis.

-     ____speak to the manager ____?

- Yes, who is calling?

-     Mr. Evans.

4.   Good morning, Carlton Hotel. Can I help you?

-     Hello,______reservations , please?

-     ________please.

Make sentences.

Example: morning / can / help

Good morning! Can I help you?

1.   afternoon /can / help

2.   could / have / name

3.   can / have / reservations

4.   could / speak / manager

5.   could / book / single room / two nights

6.   could / speak / John

7.   could / reserve table / for six

8.   can / have / room service

B. making requests with Id like to

Make sentences.

Example: book / single room / three nights

Id like to book a single room for three nights.

1.   book / double room / two nights

2.   reserve / table for two / Tuesday evening

3.   book / single room / four nights

4.   speak / manager

5.   reserve / table for four / Saturday / 8 p.m.

6.   send / an application form

7.   invite / guests / weekend

8.   listen / cassette / jass

New words to use:

to book manager number table

double name reserve application form

full night single room service

S U M M A R Y

Now you can ( ):

Answer the telephone politely ( )

- Good morning. Can I help you?

Ask for things ( -)

- Could I have your name, please?

Understand, what people want ( , )

- Id like a single room.

- Could I speak to the manager, please?

Ask who is on the phone ( , )

- Who is calling?

Extra words: Days of the week

Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

Numbers twenty three( but the twenty third)

Giving information.

1.   The hotel is in the center of the city.

2.   Theres a sauna.

3.   There are two bars.

4.   The cost is $ 16. 50.

5.   Im Mr. Evans.

6.   My names Evans.

. ,

My name (1)_____ Mr Black. I (2)____ the manager of the Savoy Hotel. The hotel (3) _____ in Main Street. There (4) _____ 100 double rooms and 20 single rooms. (5) __________ a bar and a restaurant. There (6) ______ table dhote meals at lunchtime and table dhote and a la carte in the evening.

New words to use .

a la carte exchange bureau per

bar exit sauna

car park disable facilities special

center information street

city meal swimming pool

coffee shop mans toilet table dhote

course menu womens toilet

Extra words

Currencies: Pounds, Dollars, Francs, Marcs, Crowns, Yen, Pesetas

Numbers.

Taking reservations. ( )

1)   What time do you serve lunch?

2)   Are you open every day?

3)   from Tuesday to Sunday

4)   on Monday

5)   at 1 p.m.

6)   What name is it?

7)   How many for?

Questions and answers in the Present Simple tense are for routines, timetable, and everyday state of things.

Examples:

Does he speak English?

Yes, he does. No he doesnt.

Do you serve lunch?

Yes, we do. No, we dont.

What time do you serve lunch?

We serve lunch from 12.00 to 2.30.

How much does a single room costs?

It costs 55 pounds.

A. Answer these questions. Use short answers.

Example: Do you serve lunch?

Yes we do.

1)   Do you serve dinner? No,__

2)   Do you speak English? Yes,__

3)   Do you have a single room for tonight? No,__

4)   Does the waiter speak English? Yes,__

5)   Does the hotel have a sauna? No,__

6)   Does the bar open at six? Yes,__

7)   Does he live in London? No,__

8)   Do you know the answer? Yes,__

9)   Does he fill in the application form? Yes,__

10)      Does Kate like the weather here? Yes,__

B. Make questions and answers.

Example: What time/serve/lunch/12.30 to 2.30

What time do you serve lunch?

We serve lunch from 12.30 to 2.30.

1.   What time /serve dinner

2.   How much /single room/cost/65 pounds

3.   What time /bar open/seven oclock

4.   How much /small beer/cost/1.55 pounds

5.   What time/ have lunch/12.00-13.00

6.   When / post office / close / 6 p.m.

New words

a.m. every day head waiter oclock

room close get up leave

open serve closed go

lunch p.m. travel post office

Activity.

Work in pairs. Ask and answer questions about your routines/

What time you ________________get up?

_______ __have breakfast?

________leave your home?

_____ get to your office?

How ______________ travel to college / Institute?

What time ___________have lunch?

__________go home?

What ________do in the evening?

What time __________go to bed?

Extra words :

Seasons summer, autumn, winter, spring

Meals breakfast, lunch, dinner, supper

Titles Mr., Mrs., Miss, Ms.

Restaurant staff Maitre d hotel, waitress, waiter

Passive Voie ( )

, , . , .

to be , , Past Participle ( ) .

:

Active Voice Passive Voice

They answered my question My question was answered at once

at once. (by them).

Im asked () Im being asked

()

I have been asked ()

I was asked ()

I was being asked ( )

I had been asked ( )

I will be asked ()

I will have been asked ( )

English is spoken all over the world.

Are cars made in your country?

He wasnt injured in the accident.

The thieves werent seen by anyone.

Ive been robbed!

Has my car been repaired?

Driving should be banned in city centres.

We will quote this price.

We will not quote this price

This price will be quoted

.

This price will not be quoted.

.

We have already quoted this price.

We have not quoted this price yet.

This price has already been quoted.

.

This price has not been quoted yet.

.

CAN

We can quote a lower price.

We cannot quote a lower price.

A lower price can be quoted.

.

A lower price cannot be quoted.

.

Social English:

     Do you want coffee?

     Good idea. Could I see the wine list, please?

     Would you like a dessert?

     Yes, Id like some cheese cake, please.

     How about some wine?

     No, I dont think so.

     Certainly, madam.

     What do you recommend?

     May I suggest Martini dry?

1.   Fill in the blanks using on, in, with:

2.   He put the food ___ the table.

3.   She likes biscuits ____ cheese.

4.   The wine bottle is ____ the bucket ___ the table.

5.   Id like a green salad ____ my steak.

6.   I dont like cream ___ my coffee.

7.   Do you have busy time when people are ____ holiday?

8.   Sarah isnt interested ____ sport.

9.   She is always very friendly ____ us.

10.       What happened ___ Mary last night?

Id like a beer. Ill get one.

Id like some bread. Ill get some.

This spoon is dirty. Ill get another.

The water jug is empty. Ill get some more.

Respond to the following, using Ill get;

1.   There is no pepper on the table.

2.   Id like a glass of water.

3.   My fork is on the floor.

4.   Can I have an ash-tray?

5.   Another cup of tea, please.

6.   This wine glass is not clean.

7.   Weve no bread left.

Extra words:

Apple black-currant strawberry orange

Pine- apple grape cherry plum

Apricot pear lemon raison

Raspberry grapefruit banana kiwi

Peach gooseberry blackberry

: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7


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